1. Judith Martin and David Lanegran, Where We Live: The Residential Districts of Minneapolis and Saint Paul (Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 1983), 3-4.
2. Penny A. Petersen, “Colonel William S. King and the Lyndale Farm,” Lake Area News, February 1991, 34-35; and Garneth 0. Peterson, “The James J. Hill North Oaks Stock Farm: James J. Hill and Agricultural Diversification in the Northwest,” 1996, prepared by Landscape Research for the Hill Farm Historical Society, 2, 15.
3. “Bloomington Historical Sites,” Hennepin County History, Spring 1970, 27; Scott Donaldson, The Making of a Suburb: An Intellectual History of Bloomington, Minnesota (Bloomington, Minn.: Bloomington Historical Society, 1964), 39; Charlene K. Roise, John Lauber, and Cynthia de Miranda, “Minnesota Public Radio Tower Project: Cultural Resource Evaluations of Dan Patch Race Track Site and Minnesota Masonic Home,” prepared by Hess, Roise and Company for System G, Saint Paul, April 1995; and “AM. Country Club Has One of the Most Beautiful Views in the Village,” Bloomington Sun, August 9, 1958.
4. Inventory form, “Green Acres,” State Historic Preservation Office files, Saint Paul.
5. “What This Magazine Stands For,” Country Life in America, November 1901, 24- 25.
6. Penny Petersen, 33-35; Albro Martin, James J Hill and the Opening of the Northwest (New York: Oxford University Press, 1976), 7-12.
7. Garneth Peterson, 3; Robert Hoffman, “The Country Gentleman Today,” Country Life, January 1932, 65.
8. Hoffman, 65.
9. Here and two paragraphs following: Information about structures at the farm was obtained from a brief site survey and interview with the current property owner, both conducted by Charlene K. Roise in 1994. Aerial photographs of Bloomington, available at the Borchert Map Library at the University of Minnesota Twin Cities, show the farm between 1937 and 1980.
10. Charlene K. Roise, Shawn P. Rounds, and Cynthia de Miranda, “Minneapolis-Saint Paul Airport Reconnaissance/IntensiveLevel Survey (for Long-Term Comprehensive Plan Alternative Environmental Document): The Built Environment (SHPO #94-0681),” prepared by Hess, Roise and Company for the Metropolitan Airports Commission and HNTB, Inc., Minneapolis, August 1995, 54.
11. “James E. Kelley, 93, a St. Paul Attorney and Businessman, Died Thursday at His Home in Bloomington, “Star Tribune, October 27,.1989.
12. “Kelley Died Thursday”; Polk’s St. Paul City Directory 1933 (Saint Paul: R. L. Polk and Company of Minnesota, 1933), 611 and 594.
13. Scattered issues of the Minnesota Guernsey News are available in the periodical stacks at the Central Library on the Saint Paul campus of the University of Minnesota Twin Cities. See “Spruce Shadows Cow Sets New State Record,” June 1945, and “T-C Parish Show Outstanding,” August 1948.
14. Advertisements for Spruce Shadows Farm appeared regularly in Minnesota Guernsey News and generally listed Kelley as owner along with the names of the current manager, herdsman, and consultant. Advertisements included other facts about the farm, such as the size of the herd, etc. For information on the Stillwater farm, see “Twin Cities’ Biggest Farm May Go From Raising Cows to Selling Lots,” Saint Paul Pioneer Press, May 12, 1997, lA.
15. “Kelley Died Thursday”; Paul Gustafson, “Savvy Farmer’s Patience May Reap Him Fortune,” Minneapolis Star, July 24, 1980; and Dave Beal, “Waiting for the Megamall Boom,” Saint Paul Pioneer Press, January 14, 1991, BS.
16. Stanley Taylor, “Developing the Country Estate,” Country Life, March 1929, 68-70.
17. Beal, BS; Gustafson, 3.
18. “Twin Cities’ Biggest Farm May Go,” lA.